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The developmental aspirations of the people of India unfolded themselves through the various stages of the freedom movement. The violent resistance of the Indian people to the British rule in 1857 and the subsequent tribal upsurges were defensive movements against foreign rule. They were almost totally political. Society is created by people and it also provides space to those who create it. In day to day life, people think about human society in general and of a society in which they live in particular. Renaissance and industrial revolution in Europe questioned the traditional basis of construction of human society and re-structured it by focusing upon a new value system. Sociology is scientific discipline. It is science in the sense that it involves objective and systematic methods of investigation and evaluation of social reality in the light of empirical evidence and interpretation. But it can not be directly modeled on the patterns of natural sciences, because human behavior is different from the world of nature.